Hamstring strains happen when hamstring muscles or tendons are stretched beyond what they can withstand or torn when substantial stretching of the muscle occurs. Hamstring strains are fairly common in sports activities requiring the athlete to forcefully run or jump. A hamstring strain is also called a pulled hamstring or hamstring tear.
An inflamed hamstring tendon is called hamstring tendonitis. Your hamstrings or hamstring muscles are located at the back of your thigh. You have three hamstring muscles. Together, they help bend your knees as you lie face-down, lift your foot toward your back (without bending the hip) and help you walk normally.
Causes of hamstring strains
Hamstring strain occurs when hamstrings or their tendon are overstretched, overused, or overexerted during a sports or recreational activity such as sprinting, kicking or jumping. Exercising improperly, such as increasing the duration or intensity of your workout too much or too soon, may also lead to hamstring strains.
Depending on the severity of your hamstring strain, the following may be recommended:
* Ice and/or heat application
* Radial Pulse Wave therapy
* Recommend crutches / Crutch walking training
* Gentle range of motion exercises
* Gentle stretching (manual or active)
* Progressive strengthening exercises
* Work or sports-related strengthening program
* Patient education
o About your condition
o Precautions to observe
o Activity or work modification
o Injury prevention
* Rehabilitation program
When you can return to your usual activities, will be based on whether you can achieve a full range of motion, that is pain-free.